Interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1α): Marker of inflammation
Peptide expressed by many cells including epidermal keratinocytes
The Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Microbial Properties of Phytosphingosine work synergistically.
Phytosphingosine on acne patients
• PS = Phytosphingosine
• BPO = Benzoyl Peroxide
- reduction of swelling
- promotion of blood circulation
How does tetrapeptide-30 work?
Scientifically proven effects
Skin lightening study –Test result
Anti-age spot study with tetrapeptide-30
Tetrapeptide-30 visibly diminishes age spots much better than vitamin C or Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate(SAP) and shows a boosting effect for Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate.
Tetrapeptide-30 lightens and evens skin tone.
Reference: Evonik Industries,Germany
Natural, Safe, and Effective,
One of the best whitening agents of this century.
Mechanisms of Skin Whitening
White and radiant skin has always been one of the gold standards for a beauty. It is well known that the color of skin is due to level of melanin and rate of blood flow in and under the skin. Color spots and skin pigmentation are directly related to melanin pigmentation.
Melanin is produced by melanocytes in top layer of the skin. It protects prickle cells and basal cells beneath from UV rays by absorbing and reflecting irradiation energy. Melanin shields basal cells from being hurt, burnt or mutated. The unharmed basal cells can then propagate and differentiate to form healthy and elastic skin. If the capability of melanin synthesis decreases, the skin will become more sensitive to UV rays. This is believed to be the reason that skin cancers occur more often in European countries than that in African countries.
Therefore, a safe and effective whitening product must not alter melanocytes while inhibiting melanin formation. α-Arbutin is exactly such a product.
How does α-Arbutin work?
Human Skin Melanin Study
The study compare the effect of α-Arbutin with that of β-Arbutin in 34 volunteers demonstrated that 1% α-Arbutin has a faster and more pronounced skin lightening effect than 7% β-Arbutin. After one month of application the melanin levels of α-Arbutin users were significantly lower than those of before the application, which meant that α-Arbutin not only inhibited the stain formation, it also helped to dissolve the pigmentation. Theses two mechanisms make α-Arbutin superior to its beta arbutin.
The L value is an index for measuring skin color. When skin color becomes lightened, L value also increases. Human Skin Melanin Study on 34 volunteers demonstrated that α-Arbutin helped inhibit the stain formation in the process of stain forming, while it obviously helped accelerate dissolve the pigmentation in the process of spontaneous regression.
Human skin-identical ceramides.
Giving your skin what it needs!
- Supports the renewal of the skin's natural protective layer
and forms an effective barrier against moisture loss.
- Particularly suitable for long term protection and repair of
sensitive and dry skin
-Balanced lipid mixtures to build strong skin barrier function are the important key.
Primarily the outermost layer of the epidermis – the stratum corneum, provides the protection of the skin.
The arrangement of the lipids in the stratum corneum is a key process for the formation of the skin barrier
Stratum corneum lipid composition
Stratum corneum lipid organization.
Ceramides and their molecular structures are crucial for the organization of the membrane bilayer structure
The crucial role of ceramides in the skin.
Ceramide III is able to reproduce the membrane bilayer structure of stratum corneum lipids
Ceramide III improves hydration of skin and provides long lasting effect.
Ceramide III decreases roughness of skin and prevents roughness of damaged skin.
Ceramide III prevents irritation of damaged skin by regulating the barrier function of the skin.
Ceramide III help damaged skin to recover from dryness.
Benefits of Ceramide III formulated with cholesterol and fatty acids on damaged skin (clinical evaluation)
Ceramide VI rejuvenates skin by decreasing roughness and reducing flakes.
Multiple and unique benefits of skin-identical ceramides
-Maintenance of skin hydration with long lasting effect
-Decrease and prevention of skin roughness
-Prevention of skin irritation
-Repair of dry skin conditions
Reference: Evonik Industries,Germany